Whether you’ve recently been diagnosed or are just starting to experience symptoms of macular edema like blurred vision and swelling, you may be searching for solutions. Certain treatments like eye drops containing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) or injections can help, but if you’re looking for a more permanent solution, it might be time to consider a corrective eye procedure if other treatments haven’t worked.
Always take the time to visit a doctor for a consultation. Our team of ophthalmologists offers innovative eye surgery and treatments for macular edema for clients in Michigan and Ohio. The team of trusted physicians at Specialty Eye Institute can help find the right vision solution for you. Give our staff a call by phone at (877) 852-8463 to schedule an appointment.
What is Macular Edema?
Macular edema is swelling of the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of your eye). This happens when there is fluid buildup. Although macular edema can distort vision and even cause visual loss, therapy can help minimize swelling and even avoid it in some patients.
This can change over time, meaning your diagnosis can also change. This is one reason why it is so important to stay proactive about your eye health and attend annual eye exams. Our physicians offer exceptional eye surgery and treatments for macular edema. We are committed to helping you improve your vision and eye health.
Symptoms of Macular Edema
When you first get it, macular edema can often be painless and usually doesn’t have symptoms. When you do have symptoms, it may be a sign that the blood vessels in your eye are leaking.
- Blurry or Distorted Vision
- Colors Appear Faded
- Difficulty Reading
Causes of Macular Edema
Usually caused by leakage from damaged blood vessels, pockets of fluid can form in the macula, causing swelling as a result of macular edema.
Many conditions can cause a leakage of fluid into the macula. These include:
High blood sugar associated with diabetes can damage blood vessels that leak into the macula.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
With AMD, abnormal blood vessels can leak fluid, causing swelling.
Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO)
RVO can lead to blood and fluid leaking out into the macula as it causes veins in the retina to become blocked.
Pockets of fluid gather behind the macula when the vitreous in an older and aging eye doesn't entirely separate from it, pulling on it or forming scar tissue.
The macula may swell as a result of conditions like uveitis, in which the body fights its own tissues and damages the retinal blood vessels.
It is uncommon, but sometimes the eye will swell after glaucoma or cataract surgery, leading to macular edema.
Macular Edema is diagnosed during a routine eye exam. You’ll want to schedule an appointment with our team of ophthalmologists and doctors if you experience symptoms such as blurry vision, trouble seeing in the dark, eyestrain, or fatigue. Our team of physicians offers safe and reliable eye surgery in areas such as Adrian, Jackson, Toledo, Ann Arbor, Battle Creek, and Kalamazoo. Our doctors will perform a diagnosis to determine the source of your symptoms. We will develop a custom eye care solution to eliminate or alleviate the symptoms of macular edema.
Ways to Diagnose Macular Edema
There are several ways to diagnose macular edema, and they are as follows:
With this examination, the physician can see images of the retinal blood vessels. Your arm is given a special dye, and your blood transports the color from your arm to your eye. Then, while the dye passes through the blood vessels in your retina, the physician will use a camera to take pictures.
Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
Another technique for closely examining the retina is Optical Coherence Tomography (OTC). The retina is scanned by a scanner, which produces incredibly precise photographs of its thickness. This helps your doctor in detecting leaks and determine the amount of macula swelling.
In this test, the physician will ask you to look at a picture of a grid. This test then tells the physician if you’ve lost any of your central vision. If part of the grid looks wavy or dark, you may have central vision loss.
Treatment Options for Macular Edema
With this treatment, medications called anti-VEGF drugs will be injected into or close to the eye. These medications can slow down or reverse macular edema. Medicines called steroids can also help, and these are also injected into or close to the eye.
Your physician may recommend eyedrops to treat macular edema. Most likely, these eyedrops will contain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), but some will contain medications called steroids. These can help to reduce swelling and aid symptoms.
When macular edema is caused by another condition like diabetes, or retinal vein occlusion, laser treatment can be used as an effective treatment if injections haven’t worked.
If other treatments have failed, your physician can suggest a particular procedure called a vitrectomy. A vitrectomy involves your doctor making a series of tiny incisions in the wall of your eye and using a suction tool to remove most of the vitreous (the gel-like fluid that fills your eye). Additionally, your doctor might advise surgery to install a gadget that makes it easier to receive routine injections.
Macular Edema Surgery & Treatment Options Offered at Specialty Eye Institute
For clearer vision, trust the eye care specialists at Specialty Eye Institute. Our team of experts is here to discuss options and find the right plan for you. Our staff of ophthalmologists offers surgery and treatment options for macular edema for clients in areas such as Jackson, Ann Arbor, Battle Creek, Toledo, Adrian, Kalamazoo, and Chelsea. If you have questions, schedule a consultation online today or call (877) 852-8463. We can’t wait to see you.